Physiotherapy treats functional limitations caused by injuries and illnesses affecting the muscles, joints and bones. It also treats health problems related to the following systems: neurological (brain, spinal cord and nerves), respiratory (lungs), circulatory (blood vessels), and cardiac (heart).

The role of physiotherapists is to help recover the most physical capacity according to one’s recovery potential. To this end, they use a variety of treatment modalities, such as manual techniques, exercises, electrotherapy, hydrotherapy, and thermotherapy (ice or warmth). These interventions are focused on the clients’ self-responsibility and allow them to develop the physical capacities required for social integration, daily activities and the achievement of a job, hobby or sport.

Here are the main indications of physiotherapy:

  • Back pain (lumbar sprain, herniated disc, sciatica, scoliosis, etc.)
  • Muscular tendinous or articular injuries (contusions, sprains, tears, tendinitis, etc.)
  • Osteoarthritis (knees, hips, etc.)
  • Stroke and head trauma
  • Degenerative diseases and other damage to the central nervous system (multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, dementia, etc.)
  • Loss of balance (falls in elderly people, help for walking, cane or walker, etc.)
  • Vestibular rehabilitation for vertigos caused by inner ear disorders (labyrinthitis, Ménière's disease, etc.)
  • Perineal and pelvic rehabilitation (urinary or fecal incontinence, difficulty passing urine, anal or genital pain, etc.)
  • Respiratory physiotherapy (chronic bronchitis, emphysema, asthma, cystic fibrosis, etc.)
  • Cardio-respiratory physiotherapy (cardiac disease, de-conditioning, etc.)
  • Pediatric physiotherapy (prematurity, motor development in children, toticollis, etc.)

Martin Moisan, M.D.
Kanesatake Health Center
12, Joseph Swan
Kanesatake (Québec)

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